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By: Linda Elizabeth Alexander
Anatomy of a Business Letter
2002 By Linda Elizabeth Alexander

This article may be freely published in your print or
online newsletter or on your website provided
1. You include the byline and the resource box;
2. You print the article in its entirety, unchanged; and
3. You notify the author when and where it's printed with a
courtesy copy or a link.
Subject: Business, Writing
Number of Words: 720

Business letters have many purposes and recipients. Despite
variations in tone and style, the basic parts of a business
letter remain standard throughout most business
correspondence. This article outlines the elements found in
standard business letters today, in order, as well as their
modern format.

1. Heading.
Assuming you are using company letterhead, your full
address will already be on the page. Add the date two
spaces below the last line of printed copy. If you are
using blank paper, add your full address and the date in
the heading. Align the heading, and all paragraphs, with
the left margin(which should be at least one inch wide).

21 Carson Parkway
Boulder, CO 80111
December 3, 2006

2. Inside address.
Include the recipient's full name, title, and address
two spaces below the date. Align it with the left

Conner T. Walker
2345 Sunrise Avenue
Denver, CO 80555

3. Salutation.
Two spaces below the inside address, and also aligned
with the left margin, place your salutation, or
greeting. If you are on a first name basis with the
recipient, use her/his first name followed by a colon.
If you are writing a more formal letter, use a personal
title (Ms., Mr., or Dr.) followed by the person's last
name and a colon. Use Mr. for men, and Ms. for women.
Never use Mrs. or Miss unless a woman has specifically
expressed a preference. If you are not sure if the
recipient is male or female, use a salutation that is
appropriate to the letter context.

Mr. Yates:
Ms. Dickinson:
Dear Customer:
Dear Publishing Manager:

4. Body
The body of the letter should begin two spaces below the
salutation; all paragraphs should be aligned to the left
margin. Single space within paragraphs and double space
between them.

If your letter continues onto a second (or higher) page,
leave at least two lines of text on the next page before
the closing. Do not go onto another page just for the
closing; this is bad form. If necessary, change the font
size or margin width to make it fit onto one page.

5. Closing
Place the closing two spaces below the last line of the
body. Use a standard closing such as Sincerely or Best
regards. Capitalize only the first word, and follow the
closing with a comma. Four spaces below, type your full
name, also aligned with the closing at the left margin.
Finally, sign your name in the space between the closing
expression and your typed name.

6. Additional Information
Sometimes a business letter requires you to add the
typist's initials, an enclosure notification, or a note
that other people are receiving the same letter. Any of
this information goes two spaces below the last line of
the closing in a long letter, four spaces below in a
very short letter.

The typist's initials follow the writer's initials,
separated by a slash. The writer's initials go in
capital letters, while the typist's are lowercase.

Example: LEA/lak or LEA/ald

If the writer and the typist are the same person, no
initials are needed.

If you are sending material along with the letter, such
as an invoice or report, indicate this with an enclosure
notification. When you use this, you must refer to the
enclosures in your letter. Abbreviate or describe the

Enclosure: Report findings

Lastly, if you are sending the same letter to more than
one person, notify your recipients with a copy notation.
This is abbreviated "cc:" and followed by the
recipients' names.


cc: Linda Alexander
Janna Bree Smith
Emily Lane

7. Formatting.
Finally, format your letter so it is easy to scan.
Center the letter on the page both vertically and
horizontally so that plenty of white space surrounds
your text. When using your company's letterhead,
remember to format your margins inside the printed

If a letter is very short, consider double spacing the
entire letter. Also, you may add spaces between
paragraphs, the salutation, etc., if it provides for a
fuller appearance and enhances the overall "look" of the

About the Author

Linda Elizabeth Alexander writes marketing copy for
nonprofits and other businesses. Contact her today to get
your free consultation!

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